Author Topic: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection  (Read 7005 times)

My68SS

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I thought this topic worthy of it's own research thread as there seems to be very little info on plastic pin injection and the 1st gen Camaro.
At first I wasn't sure about my drive shaft, but after 'Big Iron' Bob mentioned that he has a known original 68 BB/TH400 shaft [he bought the car new] with the same plastic injection, I suddenly have lots of questions surrounding the topic.

All the pics that others have contributed so far in the driveshaft thread http://www.camaros.org/forum/index.php?topic=7861.0 are all sb shafts with outboard snap rings.
So, when did GM use plastic injection and was there some design criteria that required it, or was it purely economics?
If economics, why [seemingly] only BB's?
And then:
Was it only BB/TH400 cars?
Was it all 1st gen BB's

Research I've done so far suggests that ony GM did this and it's not just a 'pin' of plastic, but that there is a groove in the trunnion caps and matching grooves in the yokes. Plastic is then injected through the holes to fill the grooves.

It seems they are quite tough to get apart. The common removal method I've seen so far is to heat the yoke with a propane torch to melt the plastic as per this youtube video  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YZZUjzNCPF0 which seems a bit harsh!

This site http://arrc.epnet.com/autoapp/8844/8844R07_U_JOINT_REPLACEMEN1.htm shows using a cross press arm pressing onto the spider [fig 4.] to sheer out one side at a time.
This not only avoids heating anything, but would maintain an aspect of originality as the 'pins' are left intact  :)

All input warmly appreciated  :)
A couple of pics of what mine looks like



Rob
1968 12C SS
L34/M40
12 bolt posi 3.55

JohnZ

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #1 on: July 13, 2011, 02:36:21 PM »
Research I've done so far suggests that ony GM did this and it's not just a 'pin' of plastic, but that there is a groove in the trunnion caps and matching grooves in the yokes. Plastic is then injected through the holes to fill the grooves.

It seems they are quite tough to get apart. The common removal method I've seen so far is to heat the yoke with a propane torch to melt the plastic as per this youtube video  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YZZUjzNCPF0 which seems a bit harsh!

This site http://arrc.epnet.com/autoapp/8844/8844R07_U_JOINT_REPLACEMEN1.htm shows using a cross press arm pressing onto the spider [fig 4.] to sheer out one side at a time.
This not only avoids heating anything, but would maintain an aspect of originality as the 'pins' are left intact 

Removal and replacement of the plastic-injected U-joints is covered in great detail with photos in the 1967 Chassis Service Manual on pages 4-40 and 4-41.
'69 Z/28
Fathom Green
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Ed_B

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #2 on: July 13, 2011, 04:00:49 PM »
Yes, there were two types of drive shafts used in 1968 for Turbo 400 cars. The first design used the Saginaw drive shaft as shown in your pictures. The second design used the Dana drive shaft which utilized the clips (and shown in the driveshaft thread you referenced above).

Ed

My68SS

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #3 on: July 13, 2011, 04:13:51 PM »
Cheers John, that's one book I don't have as yet. Does it describe a method of pressing the old joint apart?

Ed, I take it from what you say that sometime during the production of the 68 model, there was a switch from injected saginaws to clipped dana's?
Rob
1968 12C SS
L34/M40
12 bolt posi 3.55

Ed_B

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #4 on: July 13, 2011, 04:16:43 PM »
Quote
Ed, I take it from what you say that sometime during the production of the 68 model, there was a switch from injected saginaws to clipped dana's?

I'm not sure if it was a "new" design or just two different suppliers. The P&A just says "1st design" and "2nd design". What's the date of your car? We may have to do more research on this.

Ed

My68SS

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #5 on: July 13, 2011, 04:39:57 PM »
My build is 12C.
Rob
1968 12C SS
L34/M40
12 bolt posi 3.55

Ed_B

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #6 on: July 13, 2011, 04:50:25 PM »
Do you happen to know what 'Big Iron' Bob's build date is?

Ed

My68SS

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #7 on: July 13, 2011, 04:57:03 PM »
Do you happen to know what 'Big Iron' Bob's build date is?

Ed

Funny you should mention that, I just pm'ed him to drop by with that info  :)
Rob
1968 12C SS
L34/M40
12 bolt posi 3.55

KurtS

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #8 on: July 13, 2011, 09:20:39 PM »
My 05C 69 BB/auto had clips in the universal.
Kurt S
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JohnZ

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #9 on: July 13, 2011, 10:47:43 PM »
Cheers John, that's one book I don't have as yet. Does it describe a method of pressing the old joint apart?

Yup - essentially, just press all four until the injected nylon shears, and throw the caps away; the Service kit includes new caps and steel snap rings that go in grooves on the inboard end of the replacement caps.
'69 Z/28
Fathom Green
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bcmiller

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #10 on: July 13, 2011, 10:59:51 PM »
The 1969 396/TH400 driveshaft I mentioned in that thread had the clips.

I have a 1968 TH400 driveshaft in the garage from a Firebird, and it has clips.
1968 Camaro SS 396 - now 468 BBC, M21, 12 bolt.
Looking for 68 Camaro with body number NOR 181016
Bryon

Ed_B

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #11 on: July 14, 2011, 03:03:56 AM »
Going by the P&A, all 67 Turbo 400's came with the Saginaw drive shaft (nylon injection), and all 69 Turbo 400's came with the Dana drive shaft (clips). Only the 68 Turbo 400 had two versions. Go figure!

Ed

My68SS

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #12 on: July 14, 2011, 09:39:21 AM »
Going by the P&A, all 67 Turbo 400's came with the Saginaw drive shaft (nylon injection), and all 69 Turbo 400's came with the Dana drive shaft (clips). Only the 68 Turbo 400 had two versions. Go figure!

Ed

Ok, so this suggests a change in design/supplier during the 68 model rather than two different suppliers.
I take it that all non-T400 67 - 69 shafts were dana's?
If that's the case, then it would also suggest that inititally, only saginaw were tooled up to make the longer yokes for the T400 and sometime during the 68 model, dana tooled up to make the yokes as well?
Rob
1968 12C SS
L34/M40
12 bolt posi 3.55

Charley

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #13 on: July 15, 2011, 01:52:16 AM »
I was just steam cleaning under a 68 SS 396 I have. T400 car, Still has the injected ujoints...02E car

My68SS

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Re: Universal joint retention - metal clips and plastic injection
« Reply #14 on: July 15, 2011, 08:00:26 AM »
Thanks Charley for another data point and the great pics of the color bands!!  :)
I also note the green on the trans yoke of which there is a hint of that on mine too.
So far we have:

68 models
12C - pins
02E - pins

69 models
05C - clips
Rob
1968 12C SS
L34/M40
12 bolt posi 3.55